The ability of a woman to bear children depends on the full and harmonious work of her genitals, the most important of which are the ovaries. It is such a paired internal organ that produces hormones, and is also responsible for reproduction (of course, only in women). On an average once a month in the ovary one egg ripens, after which it passes through the fallopian tubes into the uterus in the hope that it will be fertilized.
The ovarian cyst, which is a formation containing a liquid, can interfere with this.
Cysts. What are they like?
Ovarian cysts are divided into two main groups – safe and pathological. The first group includes a single cyst – a functional one. It is absolutely safe. Appears in the process of preparing the body for the release of the ovum and ovulation and disappears after 2-3 months without external intervention.
Pathological cysts are different. Some of them can cause complications and require medication or even an operation. Usually they arise as a result of a disturbance of the hormonal balance when the ovaries are malfunctioning. We will describe them in more detail.
Types of pathological ovarian cysts
The dermoid cyst. It occurs more often than others. Its cavity is filled with tissues, which are usually not characteristic of the ovaries. Most often it is filled with skin tissues and even bone tissue.
Endometrioid or Chocolate cyst. The second in this sad rating by popularity. Its contents are made up of the tissue from which the uterine mucosa consists. Its second “culinary” name is due to its dark red color of blood, which is filled with its cavity.
The true cyst, or cystadenoma – is also divided into two types. It is a serous cystadenoma and a mucinous cyst. Depending on its type, it can consist of one or more cameras. This is the rare type that does not lend itself to medical treatment and requires surgical removal, because It often develops into a malignant one. Therefore, if you were diagnosed with this and offered surgery, do not hesitate to do it or not. Here the question is already only – how and when the operation will be done with the least discomfort for you.
Polycystic ovary – a number of small cysts on the surface of the ovaries.
Symptoms of ovarian cysts
The saddest thing about cysts is that most often a woman does not feel their appearance and for this reason does not take any action to get rid of these unnecessary “gifts” of nature. If a woman already has pain, then it means that the condition of the cyst worsens – it can rupture, twist, or change in another way unhealthy for the body.
The main symptoms are:
- feeling of pain and pressure in the lower abdomen;
- pain during intercourse;
- delay in menstruation;
- more painful than usual, menstruation.
Treatment of ovarian cysts
Definitely – treat!
Types and methods of cyst treatment depend on various factors. This takes into account its type, size, age, its plans for motherhood, the severity of the disease. Of course, the sooner it is discovered, the easier and more effective the treatment will be.
Observation. Suitable only for harmless functional cysts. Watching how it dissolves with the help of ultrasound – nothing else is required.
Surgical treatment of ovarian cysts
In cystadenoma, only the removal of part of the ovary, the entire ovary, or uterus and both ovaries is shown. The question is not whether to conduct the operation or not. The only question is how exactly the operation will be performed – laparoscopically, or otherwise. In some cases – when the age and state of health do not imply childbearing, and with some other factors – it is possible to remove the entire ovary.
Dermoid and endometrioid – combined treatment with:
- anti-inflammatory – Voltaren, Ibuprofen;
- antibacterial – Amoxiclav, Cefazolin;
- vaginal suppositories – Destreptase, Utrozestan, Terzhinan;
- hormonal preparations – Jess, Dyufaston, Zhanin, Indinol, Yarina;
- homeopathic – Traumeel, Ovarium compositum, Mulimen;
- antispasmodics (No-shpa, Spazmalgon);
- phytopreparations – (boron uterus), chamomile;
- immunomodulating – Interferon, Likopid, Lymphomyosot, Imudon;
- vitamin complexes – multivitamins (Vitrum, Centrum, Aevit), folic and ascorbic acid.
Hormonal therapy has recently become more popular. The intake of hormonal drugs not only cures cysts, but is also an excellent means of preventing and strengthening women’s health.
Moreover, they protect these organs from cancer and you do not have to follow the example of Angelina Jolie and remove the ovaries for fear of their malignant degeneration.
Prevention of ovarian cysts
Since most often the development of cysts does not have any symptoms, the only way to avoid complications is a regular meeting with a gynecologist at least once a year. In this case, it is necessary to conduct ultrasound examination of the most important for the birth of women’s organs.