In our modern day and age, most people after 40 complain about painful joints and knees. Unfortunately, joint pain comes with aging just like gray hair or wrinkles on the face. It is important to know that the knee pain can indicate the beginning of irreversible degenerative process that, if left untreated, can lead to unfavorable changes in your body.
Arthritis in medical Latin means “inflammation of the joints” and in general refers to rheumatic diseases. In a healthy joint the cartilage protects the bone from wear and tear because it is capable of regeneration. But inflammatory diseases like arthritis lead to irreversible changes and deformations of bones and joints. As it progresses, it becomes a constant source of pain that restricts movement. With thinned or inflamed cartilage, unprotected parts of bones come into contact, which leads to more joint inflammation and swelling, severe pain and injuries.
So far, the cause of arthritis is unknown. It develops with age but not all people are affected. The following factors significantly increase the risk of arthritis: old age, smoking, excess weight, genetic heredity, professional activities associated with high risk of injuries due to excessive joint strain. There are many medical stories of disease, yet each case is individual.
Anti-inflammatory drugs are often prescribed in case of arthritis because anti-inflammatory drugs reduce pain and inflammation. It enables patient to exercise more often and feel better.
Non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are drugs widely used in clinical practice. They are especially effective for diseases accompanied by inflammation, pain and fever. Their main benefit is ability to prevent or reduce inflammation. NSAIDs are widely used primarily for degenerative joint and back problems.
Before taking NSAIDs, you should to consider the following factors: the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect, the risk factors, side effects, possible complications, presence of other chronic diseases, interaction of NSAIDs with other drugs you use, and, of course, the price of medicine.
By many standards, Voltaren (diclofenac sodium) is recognized as one of the most safe and effective NSAIDs. It is often compared to the “gold standard” for inflammatory degenerative joint and back problems because it outperforms most of drugs in anti-inflammatory and analgesic category.
Voltaren is available in the form of tablets, ointments, injections and eye drops. In addition to anti-inflammatory effect, Voltaren also has antipyretic and analgesic effects. The main active ingredient of Voltaren is diclofenac.
When it is prescribed in the tablet form, its usual dosage is 150 mg/day (one hundred and fifty milligrams per day). If it is prescribed as suppositories, the daily dosage is the same. If it’s prescribed as an injection, it is usually done once a day. In case, you are prescribed ointment or gel, apply it to the affected area 3-4 times a day. Drops can be used less than 5 times a day.