When a headache strikes, it is important to figure out how to treat it quick and effectively. In some cases, a headache can be a symptom of disease involving the nervous system (e.g., tumor, traumatic brain injury, etc.). A doctor should be consulted if you experience frequent and severe headaches localized to a particular region.
In most instances, an occasional headache does not indicate presence of disease, and can typically be treated at home. Accordingly, headaches are classified as primary or secondary disorders.
A tension-type headache is classified as primary, frequently developing into a migraine. Almost everyone has experience one or more headaches at some point in time. According to recent statistics, 79-85% of people in the world suffer from chronic or acute headaches. Headaches have been reported going all the way back to ancient times, which is clear given the evidence of medicines dedicated to treating signs and symptoms. Ancient Sumerians described headache treatments more than 5 thousand years ago. In Ancient Greece, Hippocrates and Avicenna studied underlying causes of headaches, and also offered treatments. Currently, there are many painkillers that are effective for relieving headaches and migraines.
A tension-type headache is a common disorder of the modern era. Nearly 88% of women and 69% of men complain of acute or chronic headaches. Headaches often strike healthy people in the age group between 20-40 years. These primary types of headaches are caused by emotional or muscular tension. Emotional stress can arise from work or family-related conflicts as well as other psychological troubles.
Frequently, headache problems are triggered by excessive muscle tension associated with an uncomfortable position of the head and neck, which may occur when working at a computer or driving a car for a long time without breaks. Environmental factors such as weather changes, strong odors, and/or loud and unpleasant noises can contribute to the development of headaches.
Modern lifestyle with its fast rhythms and pressing challenges, constant stresses, chronic fatigue, work burnouts, daily worries, and problems can also cause chronic headaches. A tension headache feels like heaviness and stiffness pressing around the head. Headache induced pain can feel like pinching and squeezing, rarely similar to pulsating or shooting sensations. Irrespective of origin, headaches cause significant discomfort. Patients who experience tension headaches often complain of pressure around the eyes.
Migraines are more severe headaches. They generally manifest as a one-sided (right or left) throbbing pain accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. In cases of migraines, it is common to experience these headaches on the same side of the head. During a migraine attack, patients are typically in severe pain and develop photophobia and are intolerant to strong odors and loud noises.
There are too many reasons that can cause a headache. This includes stress, sudden changes in weather conditions, climate change, overwork, unpleasant sounds, and smells. Nevertheless, if you experience headaches you should not wait, but instead seek immediate relief. Discomfort, pain, and stress caused by migraines incapacitate a person and negatively affect quality of life.
In some cases it is better to prevent a headache as opposed to treating one after an attack. Sticking to a special diet may lead to a significant reduction in the frequency of migraine attacks. Some foods to avoid if you experience frequent migraines include: cheese, chocolate, citrus, nuts, red wine, and beer. A full night of sleep can also be helpful for reducing the risk of migraine attacks. Areas associated with strong smells and noises should also be avoided if you are susceptible to migraine attacks. Thus, it is possible to prevent a tension headache by avoiding known triggers. In other instances, if you know you are under a great deal of stress, it is recommended that you consult with a doctor in order to obtain a prescription for mild sedatives.
Patients with a migraine in full swing want nothing more than to take a painkiller and get rid of the agony. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are widely used to relieve discomfort associated with migraines because they demonstrate analgesic properties. For treating a headache, you can take Voltaren. The main active ingredient in Voltaren is diclofenac. This medication works by reducing substances in the body that cause pain and inflammation. Voltaren works by slowing cyclooxygenase, which helps to reduce prostaglandins in the area of inflammation. Following administration, Voltaren reaches its maximum concentration after 2 hours.
Voltaren tablets should be taken with plenty of liquid prior to a meal in order to provide quick relief. However, you can take Voltaren before or after meals. Voltaren is recommended to be taken in dosages of 25 or 50 mg three times per day. Preventive treatment with Voltaren can be in doses as low as 50 mg per day