When you want to get rid of your headache, you need to figure out its type to treat it effectively. In some cases, headaches can be a symptom of diseases of the nervous system (tumor, traumatic brain injury, infectious diseases). You should consult a doctor if you have frequent and severe headaches localized in a particular area.
Usually, occasional headaches don’t indicate any disease and can be treated at home. Headaches are classified into primary and secondary disorders.
A tension-type headache is called primary, and it often develops into a migraine. Almost everyone has headaches at some point. According to statistics, 79-85% of people in the world suffer from chronic or acute headaches. The disorder was known from ancient times as evidenced by medical treatises dedicated to the symptoms and treatments. Ancient Sumerians described headache treatments more than 5 thousand years ago. In Ancient Greece. Hippocrates and Avicenna studied problem causes and offered treatments. Nowadays, there are many effective painkillers for headaches and migraines.
A tension-type headache is a common disorder of our modern times. 88% of women and 69% of men complain of regular or chronic headaches. It often strikes healthy people in the age group between 20-40 years. As you can guess, the primary type of a headache is caused by emotional or muscular tension. Emotional stress can come from the work or family-related conflicts or other psychological troubles.
Often, the problem is triggered by excessive muscle tension associated with the uncomfortable position of the head and neck, for example, when you are working at a computer or driving a car for a long time without breaks. Environmental factors like weather changes, strong odors or loud and unpleasant noise can contribute to the development of headaches.
Modern life style with its fast rhythms and pressing challenges, constant stresses, chronic fatigue, work burnouts, daily worries and problems can also cause chronic headaches. A tension headache feels like heaviness and stiffness pressing around the head. Pain can be like pinching and squeezing, rarely like pulsating or shooting. In any case, it causes significant discomfort. Often, patients with tension headaches complain of pressure around the eyes.
Migraines are similar, manifesting as a one-sided (right or left) throbbing pain accompanied by nausea, vomiting and dizziness. In a case of a migraine, it’s more common to have it on the same side of the head. During the attack, the patient is in severe pain and develops the photophobia, intolerance of strong odours and loud noises.
There are too many reasons of a headache: stress, sudden changes in weather conditions, climate change, overwork, unpleasant sounds and smells. If you have a headache, you don’t need to wait; you need to act fast and treat it. Discomfort, pain and stress of migraines incapacitate a person and negatively affect his or her quality of life.
Sometimes, it’s better to prevent a headache than wait for it and treat it than. You can significantly reduce the frequency of migraine attacks by observing a special diet. It is recommended to stay away from cheese, chocolate, citrus, nuts, red wine and beer. Also, you need to get a full night sleep. It is recommended to avoid areas with strong smells and noise. You can prevent a tension headache by avoiding its triggers. Also, if you know you are under a lot of stress, you should consult a doctor and take mild sedatives.
Patients with a migraine in full swing want to do only one thing – to take a painkiller and get rid of a headache. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are widely used due to their analgesic properties. For a headache, you can take Voltaren with the main active ingredient of diclofenac. It works by reducing substances in the body that cause pain and inflammation. It works by slowing cyclooxygenase, which helps to reduce prostaglandins in the area of inflammation. After administration, Voltaren reaches its maximum concentration after 2 hours.
The tablets should be taken with sufficient liquid before a meal to provide quick relief. You can take Voltaren before or after meals. Voltaren is recommended in the dosage of 25 or 50 mg three times a day. A preventive treatment can be as low as 50 mg per day.