Elderly and retired adults are familiar with Voltaren because it is an excellent medicine to treat inflammation and provide pain relief for joints and muscles. Voltaren is one of many various brand names available for medicines containing diclofenac.
Diclofenac is the main active ingredient in Voltaren. This active ingredient provides powerful and immediate anti-inflammatory effects. High effectiveness and affordable price make Voltaren extremely popular and reliable among consumers. This medication can be obtained without a prescription and is sold at local and online pharmacies as an over the counter drug.
The Swiss pharmaceutical company Novartis introduced diclofenac in 1973. In the decades since its development, diclofenac has developed a trustworthy reputation as one of the most efficient non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Diclofenac sodium is a benzeneacetic acid derivative.
Voltaren provides three unique types of action:
- Anti-inflammatory (swelling reduction)
- Antipyretic (fever reduction)
- Analgesic (pain relief)
Doctors and patients praise the effectiveness of Voltaren for its potent anti-inflammatory action and fast fever reduction. This medication is also commonly known to help in cases where other medicines fail. For example, Voltaren is often used as a painkiller even though its analgesic effect is mild, which typically makes it more useful for treating mild- to- moderate pain.
Voltaren works by suppressing the synthesis of prostaglandins and cyclooxygenase, which are substances that play a significant role in processes of inflammation. Voltaren manages, relieves, and reduces unpleasant symptoms of inflammation such as pain and swelling. Voltaren also demonstrates an immunomodulatory effect and is not associated with causing an allergic reaction during long-term treatment.
Following oral administration, the active substance in Voltaren is completely absorbed into blood plasma and then diffuses into and out of synovial fluid. Voltaren is available to be dispensed as two different types of tablets: regular enteric-coated tablets or delayed-release tablets with a film coating.
Delayed-release tablets release the active substance slowly, which provides a steady therapeutic concentration within blood. With conventional tablets, maximum concentration of the active substance in blood plasma is reached after 2 hours. With delayed-release tablets, the highest concentration of the active substance within blood is reached after 4 hours. Both types of tablets are accompanied by detailed instruction packets for proper use.
Voltaren should not be taken by women who are breastfeeding because it enters into breast milk. This medication should also not be taken by women who are pregnant during the third trimester for several reasons. First, it weakens uterine contractility and can interfere with the childbirth process. Second, it increases the risk of bleeding during childbirth. Third, it negatively affects fertility. Therefore, if attempting to get pregnant, Voltaren should not be taken.
Consumption of food while taking Voltaren has no significant effect on absolute diclofenac absorption. However, drug absorption rate may be slowed. If you need fast pain relief, take a Voltaren tablet half an hour before a meal. In most cases, Voltaren tablets can be taken during or after a meal. Voltaren tablets should not be chewed and taken with plenty of water.
Voltaren can be prescribed to adults and children over 15 years of age in dosage of 25-50 mg tablets to be taken 2-3 times per day. The maximum recommended a daily dosage of Voltaren for adults is 150 mg. For prolonged Voltaren therapy and mild cases, drug dosing can be reduced to 75 mg.
With delayed-release Voltaren tablets, the optimal daily dose is 100 mg taken once per day. The course of treatment should not exceed two weeks. For children with a weight of more than 25 kg, Voltaren is prescribed based on body weight. Doctors calculate proper Voltaren dosages for children on a case- to- case basis while considering disease type and age. The recommended dose of Voltaren is 0.5-2 mg/kg. For treating rheumatoid arthritis, Voltaren dosages can be increased to 3 mg/kg. Voltaren 50 mg tablets are not recommended for children.
Voltaren should not be taken concurrently with other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and anticoagulants as this may increase the risk of side effects (e.g., bleeding). Acetylsalicylic acid reduces the concentration of Voltaren in blood. Paracetamol increases the nephrotoxic effect of Voltaren.
Voltaren interferes with the effects of hypotensive, hypnotics, and hypoglycemic agents. When Voltaren is taken alongside antibiotics belonging to the quinolone series, there is a risk for seizures. When Voltaren is taken with diuretics, it may lessen water loss or increase levels of potassium in the blood.
To minimize risks associated with Voltaren use follow the rules:
- Take the lowest effective dosage of Voltaren for a short duration
- Do not use alongside other NSAIDs
- Patients at higher risk should take Voltaren with caution and under supervision of a doctor
- If there are side effects and adverse reactions, immediately discontinue Voltaren and see a doctor